Contraceptive Compliance: How the Philippines Will Become the Next China

shutterstock_21953752There will be visits from the local population officer. You will not be able to be married without a “certificate of compliance” issued by the local Family Planning Office.  From 5th grade on, you will receive “values formation” and education about “population and development” and “responsible parenthood” at school.  Your government will help you achieve your desired family size while simultaneously encouraging “two children as the ideal family size.”

All of these provisions in the Philippine Reproductive Health Bill will come to pass if the Philippines Supreme Court upholds its constitutionality. Oral arguments before the Court started this Tuesday.

The Reproductive Health bill, commonly known as the RH Bill,  passed last year after a long struggle in the Philippine Congress. However, soon after being signed into law, the Supreme Court ordered that its implementation be postponed until after the court could hear arguments regarding its constitutionality. The Philippine Constitution currently includes a provision which “equally protects the life of the mother and the life of the unborn from conception,” and those who brought the petition before the Supreme Court argue that some of the proposed contraceptive methods are under scrutiny for not being contraceptives, but rather being abortifacients.

Putting aside all talk of abortifacient-versus-contraception, and church-versus-state, the RH Bill includes provisions which approach coercive population control.

Hidden amidst uncontroversial provisions promoting infant nutrition, treatment of gynecological disorders, and neonatal health, the RH Bill also includes the following provisions which will make the Philippines the next China:

(All italics have been added for emphasis by the author)

SEC 18. CERTIFICATE OF COMPLIANCE.— No marriage license shall be issued by the Local Civil Registrar unless the applicants present a certificate of Compliance issued for free by the local Family Planning Office….Each Local Population Officer of every city and municipality shall furnish free instructions and information on responsible parenting… to all applicants for marriage license.

SEC 20. IDEAL FAMILY SIZE.— The State shall assist couples, parents and individuals to achieve their desired family size within the context of responsible parenthood and sustainable development and encourage them to have two children as the ideal family size.

SEC 16. MANDATORY AGE-APPROPRIATE REPRODUCTIVE HEALTH AND SEXUALITY EDUCATION.— Age-appropriate education shall be taught by adequately trained teachers in formal and non-formal education system starting from Grade Five… Age-appropriate Reproductive Health and Sexuality Education shall be integrated in all relevant subjects and shall include, but not limited to the following topics: Values formation…population and development…. responsible parenthood.

SEC 29. PENALTIES.— Any violation of this Act of commission of the foregoing prohibited acts shall be penalized by imprisonment ranging from one month to six months or a fine of ten thousand to fifty thousand pesos or both such fine and imprisonment at the discretion of the competent court. Provided that if the offender is a public official or employee, he or she shall suffer the accessory penalty of dismissal from the government and forfeiture of retirement benefits.

SEC 28. PROHIBITED ACTS.—…any person who maliciously engages in disinformation about the intent or provisions of this Act. “

That is, if you were to suggest that the RH Bill was not intended to improve infant nutrition but really to control the Philippine population, you would be liable to prosecution.

Although the Philippines is a predominantly Catholic Country, many in the media would have us believe the current legal battle to be another church-versus-state battle, when clearly it is a state-versus-the will of the people, an imposition of legislative power. All popular opinion polls in the Philippines show a majority opposing the current bill. The RH Bill is not an issue for Catholics alone, but is rather the business of all who oppose population control and reproductive coercion.


This article originally published at Population Research Institute

Image credit:

Anne Morse


Anne Morse is a contributing writer to Population Research Institute.

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  • FromManila

    This piece of legislation received very prominent
    support from Filipino Jesuits and from the faculty of Filipino Jesuit universities,
    who also went all-out to berate Filipino bishops and laity who opposed it.

  • LizEst


  • C. Maggard

    Pope Francis, it’s time to call your Order to heel. Your credibility hinges upon it.
    Mother Mary, pray for your children, that we may see our errors and repent, or accept the coming chastisement humbly and gratefully, and learn from it.
    It’s time to lobby the Philippine gov’t to recall this atrocity. Other than tourism, what economic tools do we have? What exports can we bring pressure upon in boycotts? It helped in South Africa with apartheid.

  • MarytheDefender

    Believe me I hate it! :(( And practically all of the people in my law school support it! It’s horrible!

  • MarytheDefender

    Excuse me I think you quoted an older version of the RH Bill. Section 20 does not state that two children is the ideal family size. Fortunately! The rest is more or less still there I’m afraid.

    Here is a link to the final version of the RH Law also know as the Responsible Parenthood and Reproductive Health Act.

  • MarytheDefender

    Not all of the Jesuits in Ateneo support the Bill. I’m a student in Ateneo Law so I’m aware of the prominent Jesuit you are referring to. Are there those that do? Unfortunately, yes. But not all. Let’s try to be fair and not judge the entire Jesuit order. As for the faculty and students, yes there is a large percentage that do. But I know of students and faculty members (college and law school) who passionately defend their Faith and really sought to understand the Bill, why its against our faith, how it could be unconstitutional and what could be done to defeat it.

    In truth seeing the poverty in our country, and knowing that many profs, students and priests alike have seen it too, I can understand why they think the RH Bill might be a solution. I can understand their compassion for the plight of the poor. But of course this isn’t the solution. Population control and pro-choice, under whatever disguises they may take, are always wrong. They destroy the essence of the family and as the foundation of society, they destroy society itself.

    The root of our poverty problem is due to corruption and wealthy families who hoard the country’s riches. Accountability, development and education are the solution. But its so much easier for people to settle for band-aid solutions like this, It lessens their culpability.

    Sorry for the long reply.

  • LizEst


  • Lucy

    “Sexuality Education shall be integrated in all relevant subjects”


    Let humanity stick with the Theology of the Body and NOT kill the family, foundation of society.