The Octave of Easter, Divine Mercy Sunday

Easter Sunday is not the end of our Easter celebration.  After forty days of preparation with Lent, and the Easter Triduum, from Holy Thursday to Easter Sunday, it is easy to miss looking ahead on the Church’s liturgical calendar.  This is, after all, the climax of the Christian year with the celebration of the Passion, death and Resurrection of Jesus Christ.  The Catechism calls Easter the “Feast of feasts” and the “Solemnity of solemnities.”  Yet, Easter Sunday is actually just the first day of the Easter Octave, the eight-day festal period, in which we continue to celebrate the momentous conclusion to the Paschal mystery and the economy of salvation played out in liturgical time.  The eight days of the Easter Octave are a special time to celebrate the Lord’s Resurrection and more deeply contemplate its mysteries.  The Church punctuates the special importance of this feast by assigning it the highest liturgical ranking, that is, as a Privileged Octave of the First Order.  This means each of the eight days is counted as a solemnity, the highest-ranking feast day, in which no other feast can be celebrated.  It begins the fifty days of the Easter celebration to the feast of Pentecost, but these first eight days of the Easter Octave culminates with the second Sunday of Easter:  Divine Mercy Sunday.

It is entirely fitting that Divine Mercy Sunday is the culmination of the Easter Octave, for as St. Pope John Paul II stated in his Divine Mercy Sunday homily in 2001, “Divine Mercy! This is the Easter gift that the Church receives from the risen Christ and offers to humanity..”  Divine mercy is the grace and merit won by Christ on our behalf in His Passion and Resurrection.  The grace of Easter naturally flows into Mercy Sunday.  Even before the official designation, the Church has historically designated these eight days of Easter to celebrate the Paschal mysteries of divine mercy.  The early Church celebrated the Sunday after Easter as the feast day, Dominica in Albis depositis, “the Sunday dressed in white linen.”  St. Augustine is attributed to have called it “the compendium of the days of mercy.”  Indeed, in his Regina Caeli address on Divine Mercy Sunday on April 26, 1995, Pope John Paul II said “The whole Octave of Easter is like a single day,” and that Octave is “thanksgiving for the goodness God has shown man in the whole Easter mystery.”  In these eight feast days, we offer thanksgiving for the divine mercy and salvation wrought for us on Good Friday and Easter Sunday.

The modern Divine Mercy devotions began with the Polish mystic, St. Faustina Kowalska, who dutifully recorded in her well-known diary, everything that Christ commissioned to her regarding His Divine Mercy.  These devotions included the spiritual practices of venerating the image of Divine Mercy, with its simple prayer “Jesus, I trust in You!,” praying the Chaplet and Novena of Divine Mercy, and establishing Divine Mercy Sunday.  St. Pope John Paul II said he had felt spiritually “very near” Saint Faustina, and he had “been thinking about her for a long time,” when he began his second encyclical, Dives in Misericordia, “Rich in Mercy,” in which he calls mercy “love’s second name.”  It is not surprising then that he later, on April 30 2000, at the canonization ceremony of St. Faustina, designated the Easter Octave, Divine Mercy Sunday.

It is fitting that Divine Mercy is a continuation of Easter because of its inherently Paschal and Eucharistic imagery.  In the Divine Mercy image, Jesus is pictured with two rays of light coming from His heart, one red and one white.  These depict the blood and water, which flowed forth from His heart after He was pierced by a lance on the Cross.  The red ray of light reminds us of the blood of the Cross, and the blood of the Eucharist; whereas, the white ray of light reminds us of the waters that flowed from His pierced-side, and the waters of Baptism, and the gift of the Holy Spirit.  The image embodies the Paschal and Eucharistic mysteries.

In the Divine Mercy Chaplet and Novena there are similar Paschal and Eucharistic overtones.  In the Divine Mercy prayers we offer up to the Father, the “Body and Blood, Soul and Divinity” of Our Lord Jesus Christ, “in atonement for our sins and for those of the whole world.”  This hearkens us back to Holy Thursday, when Jesus instituted the first Mass, offering up His Body and Blood in the Eucharist; and then, on Good Friday, He suffered Bodily and Spiritually in His Passion and Crucifixion.  The Divine Mercy prayers walk us through this same prayer language in Paschal and Eucharistic imagery.  This is why we pray “For the sake of His sorrowful Passion, have mercy upon us and the whole world,” for through His suffering, we have gained mercy.  The Divine Mercy prayers encapsulate the Paschal mystery and the Eucharistic offering.

Therefore, we continue to celebrate the Paschal and Eucharistic mysteries in these eight days of Easter, culminating with the Easter Octave of Divine Mercy Sunday.  Christ has promised us great mercies if we observe the Feast of Divine Mercy.  As Jesus told St. Faustina, “I want to grant a complete pardon to the souls that will go to Confession and receive Holy Communion on the feast of My mercy.”  This is a particularly great indulgence promised by Jesus for the complete remission of our sins and punishment.  So, as we celebrate Easter, let us recall the spark that came from Poland with Sts. Faustina and Pope John Paul II, and put mercy into action by dedicating ourselves to the devotions associated with its message: the image of Divine Mercy, the Chaplet of Divine Mercy, the Novena of Divine Mercy, and the Sunday of Divine Mercy.  Easter Sunday is not the end of the Church’s celebration.  It is the beginning of the full Octave of Easter.  Let us celebrate all eight days of this feast, all the way to Divine Mercy Sunday.  How fitting it is, especially this Jubilee year, the Holy Year of Mercy.


Brian Kranick


Brian Kranick is a freelance writer focusing on all things Catholic. In addition to other studies, he has a master's degree in Systematic Theology from Christendom College.  He has spent years working as an analyst in the Intelligence Community, and currently resides with his wife and three children in the Pacific Northwest.  He is the author of the blog:

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  • noelfitz

    Thanks for a great article.
    I note that most images of Divine Mercy have rays with three colors, red, white and blue. But in Poland images had two colors, red and white, which did seem to celebrate Poland’s colors.
    I am always intrigued as to why the Church forbade circulation of “images and writings that promote devotion to Divine Mercy in the forms proposed by Sister Faustina.”
    Was it because in the Divine Mercy devotions ordinary Catholics offer Jesus Christ to God , in a way similar to the Mass, where Christ through the ministry of the priest, offers himself to God?
    I would like to hear what you think.

  • Lorie C Weeden

    I don’t think the Church has forbidden any circulations regarding the “images and writings of the Divine Mercy”. Let me share it this way; the fact that the Marian Helpers Priests and Missionaries started all this great Information about the Divine Mercy through the writings (Diaries) of the St Maria Faustina, and secondly the Founder of the Marian Fathers, Blessed Stanislaus Papcynski (soon to be a Saint by the 5th of June, proclaimed by Pope Francis)has been the important figure in the propagation of this Divine Mercy. That the center celebration is in Stockbridge, MA, ran by Marian Fathers.This Founder, was encouraging the whole world to contemplate God’s Mercy and turn to Mary Immaculate for her guidance and care.
    So if you’re more interested Noelfitz, on Mercy Sunday, April 3, EWTN will broadcast the 2016 celebration of Divine Mercy Sunday in Stockbridge , MA at noon, with Solemn Liturgy at 1 pm, ET.

  • noelfitz

    many thanks for your reply to me it is much appreciated.

    Pius XII put the writings of St Faustina on the Index of Prohibited Books and while Pope St JP II was pope the Holy Office condemned Divine Mercy writings twice.

    I do not know why, perhaps showing excessive caution.

    But the devotion to Divine Mercy is vital, especially in this year we should consider the mercy of God.

    The Lord is good to all, and his compassion is over all that he has made (NRSV, Psalm 145:9)

  • Michele Krilich Faehnle

    If you would like more information on this I would highly recommend Fr Gaitley’s book The Second Greatest story Ever Told pages 65-70. Because the transcript of the Diary of St. Faustina was not done carefully the final transcript was full of errors and ommisions. These faulty manuscripts were copied and sent all over Italy and France. Pope John XXIII only approved a notification that prohibited “spreading of the devotion to Sr. Faustina, pending clarification of (the Vatican’s) concerns” in 1959. Archbishop Karol Wojtyla (St JP II) began the informative process relating to the life and virtues of Sr Faustina in 1965 and Sr. Faustina received the title Servant of God in 1967 and beatified in 1968. During the process of of beatification many new documents were sent to Rome and the Vatican became better acquainted with Sr. Faustina. The ban was lifted and on April 15, 1978, the Sacred Congregation for the Canonization of Saints issued a new “notification” that stated “This Sacred Congregation, having now it (its) possession the many original documents, unknown in 1959; having taken into account the opinion of many Polish Ordinaries, declares no longer binding the prohibitions contain in the quoted “Notification” (of 1959)

  • noelfitz

    many thanks for your detailed reply to my concerns. I appreciate it very much and it clarifies the issue perfectly.
    Today on EWTN there was a Divine Mercy Mass. The message of Divine Mercy certainly has spread, and it is of interest to note other Divine Mercy contributions in CE.
    Divine Mercy is an appropriate devotion in this year of mercy.