Muslim Self-Hate Rears Its Head in Egypt

Founded in 1798 by the scientists accompanying Napoleon on his invasion of Egypt and author of the monumental 20-volume Description de l’Égypte (1809-28), L’Institut d’ Égypte was burned down on Dec. 17 by crowds rampaging in the vicinity of the National Assembly building.

Remarkably for a learned institution, its doors were open to the public to meander and imbibe, though few did. During my three-year residency in Cairo in the 1970s, it served as a place of refuge, when the city was too much with me, as well as a regular destination for my foreign visitors. I treasured this little-known gem for its library of 200,000 volumes focused on Egypt, its symbol as the capstone of Orientalist learning in Egypt, its evocation of a different and better era, and the quietude it offered in a city with few such oases.

And now the barbarians came and destroyed it with a Molotov Cocktail. The walls still stand but the building is gutted, its invaluable contents burnt.

Comments: (1) This attack brings to mind a host of prior acts of destruction of historical monuments in Egypt, including the medieval defacement of the Sphinx and the Cairo arson of 1952. Outside Egypt, assaults coming right to mind include the Muslim destruction of Hindu temples in India, the Turkish destruction of churches in northern Cyprus, the Palestinian sacking of the Tomb of Joseph, the Taliban destruction of the Bamiyan Buddha, the Iraqi pillaging of museums, libraries, and archives, the Saudi destruction of antiquities in Mecca, and the Malaysia destruction of an historic Hindu temple. This barbarism, in other words, fits into a larger pattern. What is it about Muslims and history? As this listing suggests, too many of them hate not only what is non-Islamic but even their own heritage.

(2) The former minister of state for antiquities affairs, Zahi Hawass, campaigned for the return of the country’s treasures. I vote against that. Better they be safe where they are than exposed to the fury of modern-day Egyptians, especially given that Egypt’s mufti recently ruled against the private display of statues, a possible first step toward a state-sanctioned destruction of Egyptian antiquities. In addition, observers rightly worry that the imcomparable Egyptian Museum may be targeted next.

Daniel Pipes


Daniel Pipes is director of the Middle East Forum and the author of several books, including Militant Islam Reaches America and In the Path of God: Islam and Political Power (Transaction Publishers), from which this column derives.

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  • ggroebner

    “As this listing suggests, too many of them hate not only what is non-Islamic but even their own heritage.”
    In the listing, I didn’t see anything where Muslims were destroying their own heritage.

  • waynergf

    “Heritage” does not only mean inherited by virtue of a common religion, but *any* inheritance – through a shared culture, for example:

    her·it·age   [her-i-tij] noun
    1. something that comes or belongs to one by reason of birth; an inherited lot or portion: a heritage of poverty and suffering; a national heritage of honor, pride, and courage.
    2. something reserved for one: the heritage of the righteous.
    3. Law:
    a. something that has been or may be inherited by legal descent or succession.
    b. any property, especially land, that devolves by right of inheritance.

  • ggroebner

    But waynergf, I think that’s the point: Muslims are not destroying what they consider to be part of their own heritage, but what they consider alien. Thus, the destruction of antiquities that pre-date Islam in Iraq, burning of the ancient library in Alexandria, etc. They are like aliens to their own soil — but the same can be said of Protestant Christianity. To some extent, the same could even be said about Catholicism in those places where there was a drastic change between paganism to Christianity (although often, maybe usually, pagan tribes held prophecies from the most ancient times that were fulfilled in the Child born of a Virgin; on a somewhat related note, it it fortunate that Arabic Islam has preserved at least some of the ancient pagan traditions rather than only the 7th century inventions).