Hungry Sheep, Weary Shepherds

Lots of perks come with being the boss, whether it be of a church, company, or nation. You get to call the shots, for starters. Then there is good food, good drink. Travel. Parties. Expense accounts. Pomp and circumstance. Bodyguards.

Technology has changed a lot, but people haven’t. In ancient times as in modern, those in authority did whatever they could to make their importance felt. Kings lived in sumptuous palaces, had harems of beautiful women, and compelled people to fight for them and build monuments to them. Unfortunately, much the same thing was done by many religious leaders, such as the sons of Eli (I Sm 2:12-17).

But when it was time for Israel to get a king worthy of the name, God wanted to teach His people about leadership of a different kind. Saul, the first king of Israel, followed the self-serving example of pagan leaders. But in the midst of his doomed reign, God sent Samuel to anoint a new king. It is extremely significant that this boy, David, was a shepherd.

Sheep are vulnerable, slow-footed, and dull-witted creatures. This makes them easy pickings for a variety of predators. They need protection, firm guidance, and, of course, food and drink. That’s where a shepherd comes in. He gathers them together, so that strays aren’t picked off by wolves or poachers. If an enemy should be so brazen as to attack the entire flock, he fights it off. He knows where water and food are abundant, and he carefully leads the flock through arid, barren country to get there. And that’s why a shepherd is the Bible’s image of both king and priest. Biblical leadership is not about privilege and perks, but sacrificial service. The sheep don’t care for the shepherd. Rather, the shepherd cares for the sheep.

Yet even David forgot this for a critical moment, when he himself became a predator and stole another man’s wife (2 Sm 11). If he was the best of Israel’s kings, you can imagine what the worst was like. And let’s not even talk about the High Priests leading up to Annas and Caiaphas. Jeremiah, in Sunday’s first reading, tells us all about their track record.

In Sunday’s Gospel, we see Jesus set the example of true leadership. He had just sent His twelve shepherd interns out on their first mission, which was a thrilling success. But they returned weary, and Jesus was determined to sneak them away for a bit of rest. So the chief Shepherd and His interns set out for the other side of the lake, normally a desolate and tranquil spot.

But news of their departure spread quickly. When they arrived at the opposite shore, they found not solitude, but wall-to-wall people. Expecting rest and refreshment, they encountered even more work and commotion. Jesus had every right to send those people away. Enough is enough.

But this was a teaching moment. He wanted His interns to see that it’s not about the Shepherd’s needs. Shepherds exist to meet the sheep's needs. These sheep were clueless about which direction to take in their lives and where to find food that would truly satisfy. They were vulnerable, confused, and famished, like sheep without a shepherd.

So the Good Shepherd gave them what they were hungry for, namely, truth. Truth about where they had come from, and where they were going. Unlike the beasts, we human beings need more than food and drink to live; we require meaning and purpose for our lives. This is what Jesus gave them. He told them that they, simple sheep though they were, had an exalted destiny, to be God’s sons and daughters and live with Him forever.

Truth is not a weapon; it is nourishment which the people around us desperately need, whether they know it or not. True shepherds never allow either fear or weariness to get in the way of feeding people with the truth.

Dr. D'Ambrosio studied under Avery Cardinal Dulles for his Ph.D. in historical theology and taught for many years at the University of Dallas. He now directs, which offers Catholic resources for RCIA, adult faith formation, and teens, with a special emphasis on the Year of the Eucharist, the Theology of the Body, the early Church Fathers, and the sacrament of confirmation.

For info on his pilgrimage to the Holy Land, visit or call 1.800.803.0118.

(This article originally appeared in Our Sunday Visitor and is used by permission of the author.)

Marcellino D'Ambrosio, Ph.D.


Dr. Marcellino D’Ambrosio writes from Texas. For info on his resources and pilgrimages to Rome and the Holy Land, visit or call 800.803.0118.

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