The Purpose of the Sabbath

First Reading: 1 Sm 16:1-13
Psalm: Ps 89:20, 21-22, 27-28
Gospel: Mk 2:23-28

One Sabbath Jesus and his disciples were walking through a wheat
field.
The apostles were hungry so they began pulling heads of grain
from the wheat stalks. This action was considered work by the
Pharisees and was forbidden on the Sabbath. Therefore, the
Pharisees objected to their behavior.

Jesus refers the Pharisees to the story of David and his soldiers in
the Bible. When they were hungry, the temple priests gave them
loaves which had been made sacred by being offered to the Lord.
There was a strict law that this bread could be eaten only by the
priests. Yet the Bible does not condemn the priests who gave the
bread away, nor does it condemn David and his soldiers who ate the
bread.

Then Jesus makes a statement, which is perhaps one of the most
seminal statements in the Gospels: “The Sabbath is made for men and
women, not men and women for the Sabbath.”
The Lord is saying that
laws governing religious observance are not ends in themselves.
They do not exist for their own sake. The purpose of these laws is
the good of men and women. They exist for the sake of human
beings. They are means of bringing men and women into communion
with God.

This is an extraordinary statement. It’s significant because the
Sabbath is perhaps the holiest of Israel’s religious institutions.
What Jesus is implying here is that when a conflict arises between
the good of the individual human being and the demands of this most
holy institution, the demands of the Sabbath must yield to the good
of the individual human being—as Jesus demonstrated in his story
about David.

We must always keep in mind: whether the institution or the law
we’re speaking of has been created by the Church or the State, it
doesn’t matter. The dignity of the human person surpasses by far
the dignity of any law or institution.

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